①When the government talks about infrastructure contributing to the economy, the focus is usually on roads, railways, broadband and energy. Housing is seldom mentioned.


②Why is that? To some extent the housing sector must shoulder the blame. We have not been good at communicating the real value that housing can contribute to economic growth. Then there is the scale of the typical housing project. It is hard to shove for attention among multibillion-pound infrastructure project, so it is inevitable that the attention is focused elsewhere. But perhaps the most significant reason is that the issue has always been so politically charged.


③Nevertheless, the affordable housing situation is desperate. Waiting lists increase all the time and we are simply not building enough new homes.


⑤There are some indications that it is preparing to do just that. The communities minister, Don Foster, has hinted that George Osborne, Chancellor of the Exchequer, may introduce more flexibility to the current cap on the amount that local authorities can borrow against their housing stock debt. Evidence shows that 60,000 extra new homes could be built over the next five years if the cap were lifted, increasing GDP by 0.6%.


⑥Ministers should also look at creating greater certainty in the rental environment, which would have a significant impact on the ability of registered providers to fund new developments from revenues.


⑦But it is not just down to the government. While these measures would be welcome in the short term, we must face up to the fact that the existing £4.5bn programme of grants to fund new affordable housing, set to expire in 2015, is unlikely to be extended beyond then. The Labour party has recently announced that it will retain a large part of the coalition’s spending plans if returns to power. The housing sector needs to accept that we are very unlikely to ever return to era of large-scale public grants. We need to adjust to this changing climate.

Questions 1/5

36. The author believes that the housing sector ______.

  • Ahas attracted much attention
  • Binvolves certain political factors
  • Cshoulders too much responsibility
  • Dhas lost its real value in economy

Questions 2/5

37. It can be learned that affordable housing has ______.

  • Aincreased its home supply
  • Boffered spending opportunities
  • Csuffered government biases
  • Ddisappointed the government

Questions 3/5

38. According to Paragraph 5, George Osborne may ______.

  • Aallow greater government debt for housing
  • Bstop local authorities from building homes
  • Cprepare to reduce housing stock debt
  • Drelease a lifted GDP growth forecast

Questions 4/5

39. It can be inferred that a stable rental environment would ______.

  • Alower the costs of registered providers
  • Blessen the impact of government interference
  • Ccontribute to funding new developments
  • Drelieve the ministers of responsibilities

Questions 5/5

40. The author believes that after 2015, the government may ______.

  • Aimplement more policies to support housing
  • Breview the need for large-scale public grants
  • Crenew the affordable housing grants programme
  • Dstop generous funding to the housing sector

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