增词法1：That shirt is indeed cheap and fine.
增词法2：We don’t retreat, we never have and never will.
增词法3：Such a conclusion can be drawn with confidence.
增词法4：It is generally considered not advisable to act that way.
增词法5：He is always a back-seat driver.
减词法1：We live and learn.
减词法2：He who hesitates is lost.
减词法3：Smoking is prohibited in public places.
减词法4：She covered her face with her hands as if to protect her eyes.
重复1：Jane is your friend as much as he is mine.
重复2：He gave me a book which I kept to this day.
重复3：Light travels more quickly than sound does.
隐喻1：It is regrettable that our appeal remained a dead letter.
隐喻2：Youth looks forward and age backward.